Verses 10-12 of John 4
by Marlene Schumm
Jesus is traveling through Samaria. He has a conversation with a Samaritan woman at Jacob's well. The Samaritans were outcasts, but received Jesus with respect. He speaks of the gift of God, the living water, which she doesn't understand. Her world is only of the actual, not the spiritual. She cannot relate to Jesus, who she doesn't know, as greater than Jacob, who gave the well, which provides for people and cattle. They believe in something they can actually see.
The conversation with the Samaritan woman at Jacob's well continues. Jesus is trying to explain the difference between actual water in the well and the spiritual concept of the living water, which will go on forever. In v.12 the Greek word used means well, but in v.14 the word used means spring. The Greek words make it clear that He is transitioning from the actual water in the well to the living water, which will spring up into eternal life.
In v.15 the woman addresses Jesus as "sir," a formal word. He is starting to impress her, then asks her to bring her husband.
To be continued